Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Children with ADD/ADHD generally have deficits in executive function: the ability to think and plan ahead, organize, control impulses, and complete tasks. It is important to remember that the child with ADD/ADHD who is ignoring, annoying, or embarrassing is not acting willfully. Children with attention deficit disorder want to sit quietly; they want to make their rooms tidy and organized; they want to do everything that's expected of them - but they don't know how to make these things happen.

There are four domains in which children of ADHD have social difficulty:

High-rate intrusive behavior - Excessive talking, Interruptions, Noisy interactions, Dominating activities Monopolizing discussions, Obnoxious behavior

Deficient communication skills - Limited turn-taking during conversations, Less responsive to others' initiations, Likely to ignore peers' questions, Problems shifting roles between giving and receiving information, Inappropriate or disagreeable verbal exchange, Difficulty remaining on topic, Poor eye contact and motor regulation

Deficient social cognitive skills - Decreased self-awareness, less knowledgeable about appropriate behavior, Deficient social problem-solving skills, biased attributions of others' intentions, Inattentive to social cues

Poor emotional regulation - Aggressive behavior, Temper outbursts, Overreaction to minor events, Excitability, Poor transitioning from one activity to another. The generalization of social skills from a taught singular situation to larger settings is also decreased. As a result of these lack of skills, the tendency to is to act in an antisocial as opposed to pro-social manner.