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Therapies and Role of Therapists at FiVE

At FiVE, therapists specialized in various therapies work together to provide coordinated inter-disciplinary services. The brief descriptions on the various therapies and each therapist’s role and expertise will help you understand what to expect from each professional.

Every member of our team is qualified in their respective fields and certified from reputed universities. Our team consists of therapists with varied experience in providing services for children in different settings, regions across the country and some internationally. Our team is highly skilled in knowing how to involve and work with parents and to respect your needs and priorities, which might even differ from their own views. They interpret evidence with confidence and share knowledge with both parents and colleagues on what can and cannot be achieved through the prescribed intervention.

Therapists at FiVE are trained to be consultants, counselors, and researchers in their own fields and this ensures that they have the necessary knowledge to make accurate decisions, be updated with working methods, teamwork, case management, development of personal abilities, and the sensitivity to work with children and families. They are updated in their knowledge and skills on a continual basis. This ensures their competence to plan and deliver most effective high quality services.


Speech Therapy

This is a commonly used term that actually has three parts – Speech Therapy, Language Therapy and Communication Therapy.

Speech Therapy addresses motor problems involving the oral structures (lips, tongue, teeth, palate, nasal cavity, breathing mechanism), where the child is unable to produce speech sounds or cannot produce them clearly.

Language Therapy addresses cognitive (thinking) problems involving listening, paying attention, understanding, memory, organizing thought etc., where the child can speak but not in sentences, makes grammatical mistakes, has difficulty learning new words, and reading.

Communication Therapy addresses social problems involving interest to interact, adapting to people and the environment, where the child can speak but only when he chooses to, doesn’t follow instructions, avoids people, answers irrelevantly etc.

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Speech Therapist

Speech Therapists provide consultation, assessment and diagnosis, treatment and counseling to families of children with delay or disorders in speech, language and communication. These are children who do not speak, do not speak clearly or do not want to speak.

. .

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy helps a child become functionally independent in his daily routine such as self care, academics, leisure and social skills. Occupational therapy involves all areas of development and learning, as listed below

. Gross and Fine Motor skills.


Cognitive Perceptual skills: Attention and concentration, memory, comprehending information, logical reasoning, problem solving, understanding concept of shape, size, etc.


Sensory Integration: Ability to accept, sort out or put together and respond to inputs received from the environment such as sound (auditory), light (visual), touch(tactile), taste (gustatory), smell (olfactory), balance and pressure (vestibular and proprioception), and movement.


Visual Motor skills: Abilities like copying.


Motor Planning skills: Ability to plan and sequence motor tasks e.g. imitating


Oral Motor skills: Coordinated movement of muscles in the mouth, lips, tongue and jaw to help in feeding and speech.

. Play skills
. Socio-Emotional skills: Ability to interact and adapt
to people around us.


Activities of daily living: Independence in self-care, academics and work activities.

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Occupational Therapist

Occupational Therapists aim at enabling the child to be as physically, psychologically and socially independent as possible. Occupational therapists work with children who have inadequate motor coordination and planning
(praxis), sensory processing
dysfunction, social-emotional
imbalance, impaired cognitive
functions, poor academic
performance and limited play

. .

Special Education

Special Education helps children who have difficulty in their academic performance. Special Education addresses problems in reading, writing, spelling, math and difficulties the child may face in relating, recalling and responding to even newly learnt information.

Special Education involves specialized teaching methodologies, specific learning strategies and interesting learning material that will provide the child an easier way to learn and become independent.

Special education is provided either in an intensive one-on-one setting or in groups where peer learning is encouraged. Special education helps the child learn to cope with their difficulties using their own strengths and can be applied in the child’s school environment itself.

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Special Educator

Special Educators help
children with Learning
Disability learn through
special instructional
methodology (Remedial
Instruction) using specially
designed instructional
materials and learning-
teaching aids. These children
may have difficulties in reading,
writing and math. They also
have trouble learning new
concepts and/or applying
learnt concepts independently.
. .


Psychology has two parts – Clinical psychology and Educational Psychology.

Clinical psychology involves assessing and addressing the mental, cognitive and social wellbeing of a child and his family.This includes evaluating a child using age appropriate norms as well as detailed analysis of the issue at hand and how the family is dealing with it. Clinical Psychology helps define behavior patterns and design a treatment program for the same along with other therapists.

Educational psychology involves assessing and addressing learning needs and adjustment issues in school-going children. This includes evaluating a child to determine their learning disability and learning potential which will in turn help the family make decisions regarding schooling and help the school implement strategies that will help the child cope in a mainstream setting.

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Psychologists provide psychotherapy, behavior modification programs and counseling to families of children who may have social-emotional disturbances, familial issues and/or poor academic performance. Most often these problems are expressed in children as behavioral disorder and Psychologists help the family understand and manage these issues.

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Mother of

When we started
feedback that our
4 yr old daughter

Dynamic assessment

Labels and Diagnosis can be scary for parents! But they serve as guidelines that will help determine the most appropriate treatment without wasting time on trial and errors.

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